Comparative Study on New lighting Technologies and Buildings Plans for High-performance Architecture

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture Technology, Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 of Department of Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


Daylighting has always been the central focus of designers. Today, due to economic, health, and environmental concerns, daylighting has taken on paramount importance. However, due to location and architectural restrictions, the use of natural light in all interior spaces is a challenge facing architects. Today, although the development of modern lighting systems has contributed to a solution to this problem, the provision of necessary conditions for more efficient daylighting necessitates a thorough understanding of all types of lighting systems and plans. This study aimed to further link technology and architecture to take the required steps to solve the shortage of interior daylight by comparing and selecting appropriate daylighting systems and plans. To this end, we first studied various modern lighting systems and analyzed their characteristics to prioritize and select their most efficient elements and factors. In this regard, the FGD method was used to identify criteria and sub-criteria. Then ANP was used to analyze and compared to identify the most optimal ones. In the next step, we studied different types of office plans to prioritize them based on the aforementioned elements. It is worth noting that to validate the results, we surveyed experts in the field. In the last step, we studied compared the compatibility of different plans and systems to achieve the most compatible ones.