Design Analyses of Sustainable Solar Skyscraper in Cold & Dry Climate of Urmia City, Iran

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

2 Department of Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering (DEMEC), University of Aveiro – Portugal, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro


Contemporary building  sector  in  Iran  is  responsible  for  approximately  40%  of  ever-increasing  energy  consumption. Considering the principles of Iranian architecture in terms of adaptability with the climate as well as its habitat, a sustainable solar skyscraper as 60-storey residential complex with an approximate area of one acre which covers more than 150 hundred families from various social classes in Urmia City is well-known as the city garden- designed.
The sustainable vertical construction mentioned above would be designed by taking into account the biological facilities in four separate sections. Therefore, sustainable strategies including the collection of water and recycling it designed with the purpose of energy efficiency, garbage recycling, active and inactive solar architecture and other principles concerning human’s sustainable architecture would be taken into account. Sustainable solar architecture approaching energy efficient architecture and environmentally friendly concepts  in  harmony  with  local  architecture  patterns  of  this  region  considered  for  sustainable  solar skyscraper in this region which present at least 35% electricity energy demand of the building.